Department of Metabolic Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Teikyo University Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo Department of Gene Therapy, Gifu International Institute of Biotechnology Diagnostic Research & Development Department, R & D Division, Nesco Co, Azwell Inc Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Teishin Hospital / Department of Metabolic Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo
American Heart Association
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Objective - Plasma platelet-activating factor (PAF) acetylhydrolase (AH) is an enzyme bound with lipoproteins that degrades not only PAF but also PAF-like oxidized phospholipids that are proposed to promote atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the distribution of PAF-AH protein among lipoprotein classes by using adenovirus-mediated gene transfer in mice, and we examined its effects on lipoprotein oxidation and foam cell formation of macrophages. Methods and Results - Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of PAF-AH in mice resulted in a 76- to 140-fold increase in plasma PAF-AH activity. Contrary to the previous report, overexpressed human PAF-AH protein was bound to very low density lipoprotein, intermediate density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, and high density lipoprotein (HDL). All the lipoproteins with overexpressed human PAF-AH revealed more resistance against oxidative stress, which was associated with lower levels in autoantibody against oxidized low density lipoprotein in the plasma. In addition, HDL with human PAF-AH inhibited foam cell formation and facilitated cholesterol efflux in macrophages. Conclusions - These results suggest that human plasma PAF-AH exerts an antiatherogenic effect by binding to all the lipoproteins and thereby protecting them from oxidation, producing less proatherogenic lipoproteins and preserving HDL functions.