Department of Gene Therapy, Gifu International Institute of Biotechnology and Institute of Applied Biochemistry Department of Epidemiology, National Institute for Longevity Sciences
Charles C. Thomas
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
We examined whether the -634C→G, 298C→T, and 2C→T polymorphisms of the IL-6, osteocalcin, and vitamin D receptor (VDR) genes, respectively, were associated, alone or in combination, with bone mineral density (BMD) in community-dwelling Japanese women (between 1108 and 1113) or men (between 1116 and 1130) aged 40-79 yr. The -634C→G polymorphism of the IL-6 gene and the 298C→T polymorphism of the osteocalcin gene were associated with BMD in postmenopausal women, with the respective GG and TT genotypes representing risk factors for reduced bone mass. IL-6 and osteocalcin genotypes showed additive effects on BMD for postmenopausal women. The 2C→T polymorphism of the VDR gene was associated with BMD in men, with the CT genotype contributing to reduced BMD. These results suggest that the IL-6 and osteocalcin genes are susceptibility loci for reduced BMD in postmenopausal women and that the VDR gene constitutes such a locus in men. The combined IL-6 and osteocalcin genotypes may prove informative for the assessment of osteoporosis in women.