The Formation and Development of the Owase Forestry
三重大學農學部演習林報告 = Bulletin of the Mie University Forests
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The Owase district, one of the advanced forestry ones, is located at the south-west part of Mie Prefecture facing the Sea of Kumano-nada, and covers Owase-shi, Miyama-cho and Kii-Nagashima-cho.
So-called Owase forestry is exercised at about 55 % of the total private forest area of 33,000 ha in the Owase district. It is labor-intensive, and characterized by growing Hinoki (Japanese Cypress), dense planting, frequent thinning, short rotation, full tree logging and the sawing of boxed heart wood square pillars. Although the forest soil of this area is not rich and there are no rivers adequate to raft logs, the commercial forestry of the area started quite early, next to the earliest Yoshino district.
In part I, " The Formation and Development of the Owase Forestry in the Edo Era. " I attempt to look into why forestry started so early in this region, based on the analysis of the old documents kept by a Shoya (village headman) of Owase.
The Owase forestry, which laid its foundation in the Edo era, has developed outwardly and quantitavely in terms of the advanced logging techniques, and internally and qualitatively in terms of the systematized and standardized tree-growing techniques, after the Meiji era.
In part Ⅱ, " The Development of the Owase Forestry since the Meiji era. " I intend to
verify the relationship between the both techniques and the commercial forestry. At the same time, I clarify the role of the Doi family in the advancement of the Owase orestry from the mid-Edo to the beginning of the Showa era.
Because the post-war plantations are now reaching the marketable stage, the close
cooperation between the timber growers and the processors is called for.The establishment of local indentity is also required.
Part Ⅲ discusses " The Name Value and the Market Mechanism of the Owase Lumber " , and is intended to help solving the problem facing us.