A Presentation Method of Negative Feedback in Native Japanese Speakers : A Case of Television Programs
誤用 否定的フィードバック リキャスト リキャストの下位分類 情報番組
In foreign language education, learners' producing errors are said to be unavoidable
in their learnlig process. It is because that the errors are derived from their insufficient
study or teachers' insufficient explanation. Recently, the relationships between error
production and language acquisition, or error and negative feedback are being discussed in the study of the second language acquisition.
However, the errors are also daily produced even between Native Speakers transmitting information or communicating with themselves in their mother language.
In such a case, the listener gives the talker feedback by some strategies. The word
”feedback” is used to mean measurement that the talker's utterance error or issue is sent
back to the point where it occurred.
In the study of the second language up to now, the feedback of the conversation has
been observed mainly between a Native Speaker and a Non Native Speaker. However,
when the target is moved to between the Native Speakers, utterance errors are
produced even in professional persons, such as well-trained announcers. Further, this
tendency is observed in radio as well as TV broadcasts.
This paper is concerned with the feedback between Native Speakers by focusing on the TV broadcasting in the mass media. A concrete method of this is recording a TV
information program, collecting the language data, and paying attention to the
Negative Feedback conducted between Native Speakers to clarify the phenomena of
Native Speakers' feedback.